«Open Journalism» – eine Definition von Alan Rusbridger

Alan Rusbridger, Chefredaktor des Guardian, betont seit Jahren, wie wichtig der Netzwerk-Gedanke für Journalismus im Internet-Zeitalter ist. An der Konferenz «Paidcontent live» war das nicht anders, wie im nachfolgenden Quote zu lesen ist:

“‘Open’ is a kind of catchword. It is journalism that wants a response. It is journalism that is itself responsive. It is journalism that doesn’t just sit on the web as though it has no connection with the web, that acknowledges that the web is the most extraordinary revolution in publishing where lots of people will be publishing extremely worthwhile and informative information. And so you can produce better things by not ignoring it or building a barrier between yourself and that but incorporating it and linking to it. It’s journalism where you can be a platform for people who know more about things than you are. It is journalism that is inclusive and wants other people to help you build the stories and challenge the stories. That’s what I mean by open journalism, think you can do a better job of describing the world by doing all that.”

via 'The Guardian': We're Not Planning on a Paywall.

Aber nicht nur Rusbridgers Gedanken sind sehenswert, die Konferenz glänzte durch eine Menge weiterer hochkarätiger Panel-Teilnehmer, darunter Vertreter von BuzzFeed, Zite oder Vox Media. Hier findet sich eine lange Liste entsprechender Videos.

Interview mit Clay Shirky zu «Post-Industrial Journalism»

Im Herbst 2012 veröffentlichte eine Forscher-Gruppe um den Journalismus-Professor Clay Shirky einen viel beachteten Text mit dem Titel «Post Industrial Journalism: Adapting to the Present». Darin werden die inhaltlichen und ökonomischen Probleme der Medienbranche sehr detailliert aufgezeigt – die Lektüre sei jedem ans Herz gelegt, der sich für die Zukunft des Journalismus interessiert. Wer keine Zeit/Lust auf den knapp 100 Seiten langen Text hat, sollte sich dieses Interview mit Shirky zu Gemüte führen, in dem die wichtigsten Ideen des Textes diskutiert und einige weiter führende Gedanken gesponnen werden. Kleiner Auszug:

There’s no question that the market can never supply as much journalism as democracy demands. We happened to have found a subsidy that worked well for several decades – it worked so well that journalists convinced themselves that it wasn’t a subsidy – but to be frank, advertisers don’t care about whether their money keeps the Washington Bureau open. They wanted full-page ads, and publishers happened to offer a convenient way of doing that. The great thing about the ad model was that advertisers barely ever cared about the news. Every now and again you’d do something that they didn’t like, but in 99 percent of cases, the logic was: ‘Just print the pizza ad right side up and I don’t care what’s printed next to it.’ But to get back to the Scientology ad: Clearly that was a mistake by “The Atlantic”. But the really unforgivable part of that behavior was when they censored user comments. You could have said: ‘Look, advertisers can now publish on the same platform, just as on TV or on radio.’ What you cannot do is give advertisers the right to censor subscribers and users. That was a huge, catastrophic breach of the Chinese Wall between editors and advertisers. But even with that catastrophic choice, you cannot say that advertorials are always bad. If the ACLU – in some alternative universe – had wanted to run sponsored content or advertorials, nobody would have blinked.

via Post-Industrial Journalism – The European.

Networked Journalism: Das Problem liegt bei den Institutionen

The prejudice at the heart of the piece is best summed up in one line about how FON ideas have undermined reporters in their work by requiring them to perform a series of tasks, including to “keep in touch with you via Twitter and FB constantly instead of reporting and writing.” There it is: “instead of reporting and writing.” The opening of electronic ears and eyes is not a replacement for reporting. It should be at the heart of it. And if it is not, then the institutions that Starkman laments might be to blame.

via The Blessings of Networks : CJR.

Digital first: what it means for journalism

Going digital does not mean merely putting articles online before the presses roll, as then print still rules the process. No – digital first means the net must drive all decisions: how news is covered, in what form, by whom, and when. It dictates that when journalists know something, they are prepared to share it with their public. They may share what they know before their knowledge is complete so the public can help fill in blanks.

Wichtiger Artikel vom guten alten Jarvis, in dem er schlüssig argumentiert, dass “Digital First” sehr viel mehr bedeutet, als die Printinhalte über einen neuen Kanal zu verteilen.

“The Human Algorithm” im journalistischen Einsatz

Es ist eine essentielle Frage beim Einsatz von Social Media in der journalistischen Arbeit: Wie verifiziert man solche naturgemäss schwer fassbaren Quellen? Mark Little von Storify hat dazu einen spannenden Post verfasst. Lesen!

Each circumstance, each story, is very different. But there are certain critical steps in the verification process for user generated video:

• Review of the uploader’s history and location to see whether he/she has shared useful and credible content in the past, or if he/she is a “scraper”, passing other people’s content off a their own (location is a big clue: don’t trust uploaders in Japan to post video from Syria).
• Use of Google street view/maps/satellite imagery to help verify the locations in a video.
• Consultation of other news sources or validated user content to confirm events in a video happened as they were described.
• Examination of key features in a video such as weather and background landscape to see if they match known facts on the ground.
• Translation of every word that comes with a video for additional context.
• Monitoring social media traffic to see who is sharing the content and what questions are being asked about it.
• Develop and maintain relationships with people within the community around the story.